Sovereignty

Declarative Statehood

The Principality of Paulovia is an independent sovereign state according to the theory of  Declarative Statehood, as defined by the articles of the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States (1933), and restated by the European Union Badinter Committee (1991), and confirmed by Switzerland (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2005). 

1. Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States (1933), specifically Article 1: The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other statesArticle 3: ...statehood is independent of recognition by other states.

Paulovia fulfils Article 1 in that (a) the principality has a permanent resident population within its declared territory and a community of citizens worldwide; (b) has a defined sovereign territory in the form of a Royal Palace and estates, a Diplomatic Mission and Secreteriat within these estates, and an International Embassy within the Diplomatic Mission; (c) a codified and functioning government; (d) the capacity to enter into relations with other states.

2. The European Union Badinter Arbitration Committee (1991) stated that, the state is commonly defined as a community which consists of a territory and a population subject to an organized political authority; that such a state is characterized by sovereignty and that the effects of recognition by other states is purely declaratory.

The European Union therefore confirms the principal articles of the Montevideo Convention in its definition of a state. The Badinter Committee also found that the existence of a state was a question of fact and recognition by other states was purely declaratory and not a determinative factor of statehood.

3. Switzerland's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DFA) Directorate of International Law: Recognition of States and Governments (2005), adheres to the same principles, stating that, neither a political unit needs to be recognised to become a state, nor does a state have the obligation to recognize another one. At the same time, neither recognition is enough to create a state, nor does its absence abolish it.

Declaration of Sovereignty

The Principality of Paulovia rejects the uncodified alternative theory of Constitutive Statehood in that it is considered detrimental and unequitable to the right of self-determination by minority peoples or communities, and subject to abuse by established powers to deny sovereignty to small nations or states both macronational and micronational.

The Government of Paulovia therefore repeats its 1998 declaration of sovereignty (reaffirmed in July 2005), that the Principality of Paulovia is an independent and sovereign state under the articles of the Montevideo Convention (1933), as confirmed by the European Union (1991) and the Swiss Confederation (2005).

Long Live Paulovia !